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India Sets Emission Limit to Define 'Green' Hydrogen

11 Sept 2023

In a significant move, the Indian government has established an emission limit of two kilograms of carbon dioxide for every kilogram of hydrogen produced to qualify as "green" hydrogen from renewable sources. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy made this announcement, bringing much-anticipated clarity to the definition of green hydrogen production in India.

India's Pioneering Definition of Green Hydrogen

India's commitment to green hydrogen production is exemplified by its groundbreaking definition of what constitutes "green" hydrogen. By setting an emission limit, India joins the ranks of a select few countries globally that have provided a clear and specific framework for green hydrogen production.

A Vision for Green Hydrogen

India has ambitious plans to become a global hub for green hydrogen production. The country aims to achieve an annual production target of 5 million metric tons of green hydrogen by 2030. This endeavor could lead to a substantial reduction of approximately 50 million metric tons of carbon emissions and savings exceeding $12 billion in fossil fuel imports.

Transitioning from Fossil Fuels

India's plan for green hydrogen production represents a significant shift from its current reliance on hydrogen primarily produced from fossil fuels. While hydrogen is a clean fuel that emits only water when used, the key consideration lies in the energy source and associated carbon emissions involved in its production.

Clarity and Global Export Ambitions

The newly established emission limit provides much-needed clarity to the green hydrogen industry in India. While initial production is expected in 2026, India has been actively engaging in negotiations for bilateral agreements with nations such as the European Union and Japan to facilitate the export of green hydrogen. This initiative aligns with India's goal of becoming a prominent player in the global green hydrogen market.

India's progressive approach to green hydrogen not only contributes to its own sustainability goals but also positions the country as a leader in renewable energy and clean hydrogen production on the international stage. As the nation paves the way for green hydrogen, it reinforces the importance of clear standards and emissions limits in the transition to a sustainable hydrogen economy.

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